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A 53 years old man, without medical history medication visits the family physician and makes an anxious impression. His friend has recently suffered from a myocardial infarction (MI) and he is worried that he might also soon face the same situation. As for family medical history, he has a father with hypertension and an uncle with diabetes mellitus. He does not seem to have any symptoms or complaints at this moment, but he has been smoking for 25 years and is overweight. Because of these characteristics he is worried that he will suffer a MI. Upon physical examination, his BMI was 29 kg/m<sup>2</sup>, RR was 152/90 mmHg and heart rate was 75 bpm. The family physician orders a blood test for lipid profile and glucose. Both turn out to be in the normal range. <br />
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A 53 years old man, without medical history or  medication visits the family physician and makes an anxious impression. His friend has recently suffered from a myocardial infarction (MI) and he is worried that he might also soon face the same situation. As for family medical history, he has a father with hypertension and an uncle with diabetes mellitus. He does not seem to have any symptoms or complaints at this moment, but he has been smoking for 25 years and is overweight. Because of these characteristics he is worried that he will suffer from a MI. Upon physical examination, his BMI was 29 kg/m<sup>2</sup>, RR was 152/90 mmHg and heart rate was 75 bpm. The family physician orders a blood test for lipid profile and glucose. Both turn out to be in the normal range. <br />
    
The family physician gives the patient advice concerning primary prevention for atherosclerosis; quit smoking, try to achieve weight reduction, do regular physical activity, restrict alcohol consumption to less than 3 drinks a day and follow a varied and balanced diet. Regarding hypertension, the advice is to keep his RR under 140/90 mmHg. Antihypertensive medication is not indicated at this moment, because his 10-years risk of death due to cardiovascular disease (Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation)  is lower than 20%. He is advised to undergo regular checkups of cardiovascular risk profile or report to the doctor’s office in case of chest pain.
 
The family physician gives the patient advice concerning primary prevention for atherosclerosis; quit smoking, try to achieve weight reduction, do regular physical activity, restrict alcohol consumption to less than 3 drinks a day and follow a varied and balanced diet. Regarding hypertension, the advice is to keep his RR under 140/90 mmHg. Antihypertensive medication is not indicated at this moment, because his 10-years risk of death due to cardiovascular disease (Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation)  is lower than 20%. He is advised to undergo regular checkups of cardiovascular risk profile or report to the doctor’s office in case of chest pain.
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